About Menopause

About Menopause

Μenopause, is defined as the last period of a woman. During menopause, the hormones of the pituitary are much increased and the ovarian hormones (estrogen, progesterone) are reduced.

If there is not a period of absence, we cannot talk about menopause. This is because, after a few months' amenorrhea, we may have a recurrence of the period that may be normal or irregular for some time. In this case, blood tests may be normal, even if a few months ago they were affected, and in rare cases pregnancy occurred. Symptoms are the same as those in the climacteric period - other than bleeding - and last from one to five years if the woman does not proceed to any kind of treatment.

Menopause usually occurs within 50 to 53 years old.

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Consequences of menopause

Due to estrogens drop, there are also long-term consequences such as osteoporosis, heart attacks increase, vaginal atropy that results in pain during sex, vaginal drynes, incontinence, recurring urinal infections, breast loosenes, loss of skin elasticity, etc.

Positive results of menopause include fibroids' reduction, adenomyosis' and endometriosis' decrease.

Post-menopausal bleeding should be immediately and promptly checked by hysteroscopy and biopsy. The occurrence of bleeding is more common in obese women due to the accumulation of extra estrogens in the fat and the effect on the woman's endometrium, resulting in bleeding, endometrial hyperplasia and possibly adenocarcinoma.

Symptoms

The most common and annoying symptom is hot flashes. They appear prematurely in the perimenopausal period and in 55% of women continue for 5 years, and in 35% for much longer. Episodes last for as little as 30 seconds up to 5 minutes and may be accompanied by palpitations, headache, weakness, fainting tenderness and vertigo. They often retreat with sweat and cold feeling. These hot flashes occur more frequently overnight and are associated with abrupt fluctuations of estrogen.

The higher the estrogen levels and the faster their change is, the more vasomotor phenomena are expected due to changes in the hypothalamic thermoregulatory center.

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Sorou Str. 3-5,
Athens, Attica 15125
Τel. (+30) 210 6777747
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Medical Center for all women

Women's medical practice Women's Care (Group Practice) was created in 1997, initially by Dr Stelios Grigorakis and Dr Sabine WünschmannWünschmann.

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